20 Mar Should I say spend or donate money to charity? What’s the difference?
In German and Swiss German, spenden is the verb used when giving something for a good cause. Although it sounds similar to the English verb spend, it doesn’t mean the same thing – another false friend to avoid. In English, the verb used to talk about giving money, clothes or food to charity is donate.
This is how the Swisstake above should read:
Here are a couple of examples to outline the difference between the two verbs, along with their German and Swiss German equivalents:
I donated some money to charity.
Ich habe etwas Geld an Wohltätigkeitsorganisationen* gespendet.
I ha chli Geld a Wohltätigkeitsorganisatione gspendet.
I went shopping yesterday and spent way too much money.
Ich war gestern einkaufen und hab viel zu viel Geld ausgegeben.
I bi gester go poste und ha viel zviel Geld usgeh.
*Why do words have to be so damn long in German?
Donations aren’t limited to money or goods – one can also donate organs or donate blood (ein Organ/Blut spenden). If someone decides to donate money, blood or organs, the noun used to talk about them is donor – a blood donor, an organ donor, or simply just a donor (if it’s about money).
To recap, here are the word forms used:
Noun: donation (thing), donor (person)
Verb: to donate (present: donate, past simple: donated, past perfect: donated)